Native American Indian rock art includes two styles of creation: pictographs, which are drawings or paintings made on rocks, and petroglyphs, which is when the images have been carved into the rock.
These images were usually created in order to record the history of tribal events, but also included ceremonial images and even maps of hunting areas.
The greatest concentration of Native American Indian rock can be found in the southwestern United States. Eastern Utah alone has over one thousand known rock art sites, and New Mexico and Texas also contain a wealth of sites.
Look at the image to the right, found in Utah. Do you see the person riding a horse hunting a deer with his bow and arrow? Do you see the buffalo grazing behind him? Would you guess that the presence of a wheel might suggest this rock art was done at a time after contact with Anglo settlers? What else do you see?
To learn more about Native American Indian rock art and to see more pictures, please visit some of these great sites which specialize in rock art:
The Rock Art Foundation
Doak Heyser's Rock Art site
Minnesota State University Rock Art Page